Discourses of Mourning and Rebirth in Post-Holocaust Israeli Literature: Leah Goldberg's Lady of the Castle and Shulamith Hareven's "The Witness"

Rachel Feldhay Brenner


Both Godberg’s play and Hareven’s short story illustrate the failure of the Israeli to come to terms with the Holocaust catastrophe. In Goldberg’s play the characterization of the protagonist runs against the popular myth of the Holocaust victim gratefully embracing the hope of a new future embodied in the heroically idealistic Israeli. Hareven’s story rules out the possibility of a mutually accepted coexistence between the Israeli and the Holocaust survivor. Both works present the treatment of the outsider as a reflection of the emotional insecurity of the majority group, since the arrival of the survivor undermines the Zionist ideological tenets of the "negation of the Diaspora" and the creation of the "new" Jew in Eretz Israel.

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